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Synthesis and electrical properties of the (PVA)(0.7)(Kl)(0.3)center dot xH(2)SO(4) (0 <= x <= 5) polymer electrolytes and their performance in a primary Zn/MnO2 battery

Raj, Justin C and Varma, KBR (2010) Synthesis and electrical properties of the (PVA)(0.7)(Kl)(0.3)center dot xH(2)SO(4) (0 <= x <= 5) polymer electrolytes and their performance in a primary Zn/MnO2 battery. In: Electrochimica Acta, 56 (2). pp. 649-656.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2010.09.076

Abstract

Solid acid polymer electrolytes (SAPE) were synthesised using polyvinyl alcohol, potassium iodide and sulphuric acid in different molar ratios by solution cast technique. The temperature dependent nature of electrical conductivity and the impedance of the polymer electrolytes were determined along with the associated activation energy. The electrical conductivity at room temperature was found to be strongly depended on the amorphous nature of the polymers and H2SO4 concentration. The ac (100 Hz to 10 MHz) and dc conductivities of the polymer electrolytes with different H2SO4 concentrations were analyzed. A maximum dc conductivity of 1.05 x 10(-3) S cm(-1) has been achieved at ambient temperature for electrolytes containing 5 M H2SO4. The frequency and temperature dependent dielectric and electrical modulus properties of the SAPE were studied. The charge transport in the present polymer electrolyte was obtained using Wagner's polarization technique, which demonstrated the charge transport to be mainly due to ions. Using these solid acid polymer electrolytes novel Zn/SAPE/MnO2 solid state batteries were fabricated and their discharge capacity was calculated. An open circuit voltage of 1.758V was obtained for 5 M H2SO4 based Zn/SAPE/MnO2 battery. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Polymer electrolyte; Zn/MnO2 battery; Dielectric constant; Impedance spectroscopy; dc conductivity
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2011 11:03
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2011 11:03
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/34911

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