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Growth Kinetics of ZnO Nanocrystals in the Presence of a Base: Effect of the Size of the Alkali Cation

Santra, Pralay K and Mukherjee, Sumanta and Sarma, DD (2010) Growth Kinetics of ZnO Nanocrystals in the Presence of a Base: Effect of the Size of the Alkali Cation. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 114 (50). pp. 22113-22118.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp108613f

Abstract

Following an earlier study (J. Am. Chem Soc. 2007, 129, 4470) describing a very unusual growth kinetics of ZnO nanoparticles, we critically evaluate here the proposed mechanism involving a crucial role of the alkali base ion in controlling the growth of ZnO nanoparticles using other alkali bases, namely, LiOH and KOH. While confirming the earlier conclusion of the growth of ZnO nanoparticles being hindered by an effective passivating layer of cations present in the reaction mixture and thereby generalizing this phenomenon, present experimental data reveal an intriguing nonmonotonic dependence of the passivation efficacy on the ionic size of the alkali base ion. This unexpected behavior is rationalized on the basis of two opposing factors: (a) solvated cationic radii and (b) dissociation constant of the base.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2011 12:33
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2011 12:33
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/35016

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