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Epitope mapping from real time kinetic studies - Role of cross-linked disulphides and incidental interacting regions in affinity measurements: Study with human chorionic gonadotropin and monoclonal antibodies

Srilatha, Nonavinakere Seetharam and Selvi, Tamil P and Murthy, Gundlupet Satyanarayana (2005) Epitope mapping from real time kinetic studies - Role of cross-linked disulphides and incidental interacting regions in affinity measurements: Study with human chorionic gonadotropin and monoclonal antibodies. In: Journal of Biosciences, 30 (3). pp. 359-370.

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Abstract

Real time kinetic studies were used to map conformational epitopes in human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) for two monoclonal antibodies(MAbs). The epitopes were identified in the regions (alpha 5-14 and alpha 55-62). The association rate constant $(k_{+1})$ was found to be altered by chemical modification of hCG, and the ionic strength of the reaction medium. Based on these changes, we propose the presence of additional interactions away from the epitope-paratope region in the hCG-MAb reaction. We have identified such incidental interacting regions (IIRs) in hCG to be the loop region \alpha 35-47 and \alpha 60-84. The IIRs contribute significantly towards the $K_{A}$ of the interaction. Therefore, in a macromolecular interaction of hCG and its MAb, $K_{A}$ is determined not only by epitope-paratope interaction but also by the interaction of the nonepitopic-nonparatopic IIRs. However,the specificity of the interaction resides exclusively with the epitope-paratope pair.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: Association constant;epitope mapping;incidental interacting regions;kinetics;monoclonal antibody
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics (formed by the merger of DBGL and CRBME)
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:19
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/3511

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