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Conformational Polymorphism in G-tetraplex Structures: Strand Reversal by Base Flipover or Sugar Flipover

Mohanty, D and Bansal, Manju (1993) Conformational Polymorphism in G-tetraplex Structures: Strand Reversal by Base Flipover or Sugar Flipover. In: Nucleic Acids Research, 21 (8). pp. 1767-1774.

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Abstract

Guanine rich sequences adopt a variety of four stranded structures, which differ in strand orientation and conformation about the glycosidic bond even though they are all stabilised by Hoogsteen hydrogen bonded guanine tetrads. Detailed model building and molecular mechanics calculations have been carried out to investigate various possible conformations of guanines along a strand and different possible orientations of guanine strands in a G-tetraplex structure. It is found that for an oligo G stretch per se, a parallel four stranded structure with all guanines in anti conformation is favoured over other possible tetraplex structures. Hence an alternating syn-anti arrangement of guanines along a strand is likely to occur only in folded back tetraplex structures with antiparallel G strands. Our study provides a theoretical rationale for the observed alternation of glycosidic conformation and the inverted stacking arrangement arising from base flipover, in antiparallel G-tetraplex structures and also highlights the various structural features arising due to different types of strand orientations. The molecular mechanics calculations help in elucidating the various interactions which stabilize different G-tetraplex structures and indicate that screening of phosphate charge by counterions could have a dramatic effect on groove width in these four stranded structures.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Oxford University Press.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2011 09:07
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2011 09:07
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/35257

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