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Allergenic Cross-Reactivity between Parthenium and Ragweed Pollen Allergens

Sriramarao, P and Rao, Subba PV (1993) Allergenic Cross-Reactivity between Parthenium and Ragweed Pollen Allergens. In: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, 100 (1). pp. 79-85.

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Official URL: http://content.karger.com/ProdukteDB/produkte.asp?...

Abstract

Cross-reactivity of allergens from the pollen of the Compositae weeds, Parthenium hysterophorus (American feverfew) and Ambrosia (ragweed), in 2 groups of patients with different geographic distributions was studied. Parthenium-sensitive Indian patients, who were never exposed to ragweed, elicited positive skin reactions with ragweed pollen extracts. A significant correlation in the RAST scores of Parthenium and ragweed-specific IgE was observed with the sera of Parthenium and ragweed-sensitive Indian and US patients, respectively. RAST inhibition experiments demonstrated that the binding of IgE antibodies in the sera of ragweed-sensitive patients to short (Wl) and giant (W3) ragweed allergen discs could be inhibited by up to 94% by Parthenium pollen extracts. Similar inhibition (up to 82%) was obtained when the sera of Parthenium rhinitis patients were incubated with ragweed allergen extracts. A dose-dependent proliferation of lymphocytes from a Parthenium-sensitive rhinitis patient with elevated levels of both Parthenium and ragweed-specific IgE was observed when incubated with Parthenium and ragweed pollen extracts. A 1.6-fold higher proliferation, however, was observed with Parthenium pollen extract at a concentration of 100 µg/ml. These results suggest that shared epitopes present on Parthenium and ragweed pollen allergens are recognized by both Indian and US patients sensitized by exposure to Parthenium and ragweed pollen, respectively. The high degree of cross-reactivity between Parthenium and ragweed pollen allergens suggests that individuals sensitized to Parthenium may develop type-I hypersensitivity reactions to ragweed and vice versa when they travel to regions infested with the weed to which they had not been previously exposed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to S. Karger AG.
Keywords: Parthenium hysterophorus;Ragweed.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2011 12:20
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2011 12:20
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/35277

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