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Compressive tidal heating of a disk galaxy in a rich cluster

Valluri, Monica (1993) Compressive tidal heating of a disk galaxy in a rich cluster. In: Astrophysical Journal, 408 (1). pp. 57-70.

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Official URL: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993ApJ...408...57V

Abstract

The restricted three-body method is used to model the effect of the mean tidal field of a cluster of galaxies on the internal dynamics of a disk galaxy falling into the cluster for the first time. In the model adopted the galaxy experiences a tidal field that is compressive within the core of the cluster. The planar random velocities of all components in the disk increase after the galaxy passes through the core of the cluster. The low-velocity dispersion gas clouds experience a relatively larger increase in random velocity than the hotter stellar components. The increase in planar velocities results in a strong anisotropy between the planar and vertical velocity dispersions. It is argued that this will make the disk unstable to the 'fire-hose instability' which leads to bending modes in the disk and which will thicken the disk slightly. The mean tidal fields in rich clusters were probably stronger during the epoch of cluster formation and relaxation than they are in present-day relaxed clusters.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to University of Chicago Press.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2011 05:26
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2011 05:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/35371

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