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Gradient solid-electrolyte for use with dissimilar gas electrodes

Jacob, KT and Mukhopadhyay, Sukanya and Shukla, AK (1993) Gradient solid-electrolyte for use with dissimilar gas electrodes. In: Solid State Ionics, 62 (1-2). pp. 27-37.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0167-2738(93)90249-3

Abstract

The EMF of a solid-state cell, incorporating a composite solid-electrolyte with gradual variation in composition, and dissimilar gas electrodes, has been studied as a function of temperature and partial pressures at the electrodes. The cell with the configuration: Pt, CO2' + O2' parallel-to Na2CO3\Na(SO4)x(CO3)1-x\Na2SO4 parallel-to SO3'' + SO2'' + O2'', Pt x=0 x=1 was investigated in the temperature range 973 to 1079 K. The solid-electrolyte surface exposed to SO3 + SO2 + O2 gas mixture was doped-Na2SO4, whereas the CO2 + O2 gas mixture was in contact with pure Na2CO3. The composition of the solid solution between the carbonate and sulfate, with hexagonal structure, was varied gradually between the boundary values. It has been found that the EMF of the cell is close to that calculated from thermodynamic data, assuming unit transport number for Na+ ions. The gradient in the concentration of sulfate and carbonate ions in the electrolyte does not give rise to a significant diffusion potential.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2011 05:06
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2011 05:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/35482

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