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Lipid-amphotericin B complex structure in solution: A possible first step in the aggregation process in cell membranes

Balakrishnan, Rajini A and Easwaran, KRK (1993) Lipid-amphotericin B complex structure in solution: A possible first step in the aggregation process in cell membranes. In: Biochemistry, 32 (15). 4139-4144 .

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/bi00066a040

Abstract

The interactions between the polyene antibiotic amphotericin B with dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine were investigated in vesicles (using circular dichroism) and in chloroform solution (using circular dichroism and IH, I3C, and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance). The results show that amphotericin B readily aggregates in vesicles and that the extent of aggregation depends on the 1ipid:drug concentration ratio. Introduction of sterol molecules into the membrane hastens the process of aggregation of amphotericin B. In chloroform solutions amphotericin B strongly interacts with phospholipid molecules to form a stoichiometric complex. The results suggest that there are interactions between the conjugated heptene stretch of amphotericin B and the methylene groups of lipid acyl chains, while the sugar moiety interacts with the phosphate head group by the formation of a hydrogen bond. A model is proposed for the lipid-amphotericin B complex, in which amphotericin B interacts equally well with the two lipid acyl chains, forming a 1:l complex.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2011 08:18
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2011 08:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/35529

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