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Spectrally broadened excitonic absorption and enhanced optical nonlinearities in Dy3+-doped ZnO nanoparticles

Karthikeyan, B and Sandeep, Suchand CS and Pandiyarajan, T and Venkatesan, P and Philip, Reji (2011) Spectrally broadened excitonic absorption and enhanced optical nonlinearities in Dy3+-doped ZnO nanoparticles. In: Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing, 102 (1). pp. 115-120.

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Abstract

We have synthesized Dy3+-doped ZnO nanoparticles at room temperature through the sol-gel method. X-ray diffraction and Scanning electron microscopic studies confirm the crystalline nature of the particles. Excitonic absorption of ZnO shows three different bands, and we observe that incorporation of Dy3+ results in the shifting and broadening of the n=1 absorption band of ZnO. Photoluminescence studies done at the excitation wavelength of 335 nm show broad emission containing five different bands. Open-aperture z-scan studies done at 532 nm using 5 ns laser pulses show an optical limiting behavior, which numerically fits to a three-photon type absorption process. The nonlinearity is essentially resonant, as it is found to increase consistently with Dy3+ concentration. This feature makes Dy3+-doped ZnO a flexible optical limiter for potential device applications.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2011 09:00
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2011 09:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/35544

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