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Structure of Sesbania Mosaic Virus at 4·7 Å Resolution and Partial Sequence of the Coat Protein

Subramanya, HS and Gopinathan, K and Nayudu, MV and Savithri, HS and Murthy, MRN (1993) Structure of Sesbania Mosaic Virus at 4·7 Å Resolution and Partial Sequence of the Coat Protein. In: Journal of Molecular Biology, 229 (1). pp. 20-25.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jmbi.1993.1004

Abstract

Sesbania mosaic virus (SMV) is a plant virus infecting Sesbania grandiflora plants in Andhra Pradesh, India. Amino acid sequence of the tryptic peptides of SMV coat protein were determined using a gas phase sequenator. These sequences showed identical amino acids at 69% of the positions when aligned with the corresponding residues of southern bean mosaic virus (SBMV).Crystals diffracting to better than 3 Å resolution were obtained by precipitating the virus with ammonium sulphate. The crystals belonged to rhombohedral space group R3 with α = 291·4 Å and α = 61·9°. Three-dimensional X-ray diffraction data on these crystals were collected to a resolution of 4·7 Å, using a Siemens-Nicolet area detector system. Self-rotation function studies revealed the icosahedral symmetry of the virus particles, as well as their precise orientation in the unit cell. Cross-rotation function and modelling studies with SBMV showed that it is a valid starting model for SMV structure determination. Low resolution phases computed using a polyalanine model of SBMV were subjected to refinement and extension by real-space electron density averaging and solvent flattening. The final electron density map revealed a polypeptide fold similar to SBMV. The single disulphide bridge of SBMV coat protein is retained in SMV. Four icosahedrally independent cation binding sites have been tentatively identified. Three of these sites, related by a quasi threefold axis, are also found in SBMV. The fourth site is situated on the quasi threefold axis. Aspartic acid residues, which replace Ile218 of SBMV from the quasi threefold-related subunits are suitable ligands to the cation at this site

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: virus;sequence;structure;X-ray diffraction
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2011 05:57
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2011 05:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/35777

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