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Support vector machine for evaluating seismic-liquefaction potential using shear wave velocity

Samui, Pijush and Kim, Dookie and Sitharam, TG (2011) Support vector machine for evaluating seismic-liquefaction potential using shear wave velocity. In: Journal of Applied Geophysics, 73 (1). pp. 8-15.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jappgeo.2010.10.005

Abstract

The use of the shear wave velocity data as a field index for evaluating the liquefaction potential of sands is receiving increased attention because both shear wave velocity and liquefaction resistance are similarly influenced by many of the same factors such as void ratio, state of stress, stress history and geologic age. In this paper, the potential of support vector machine (SVM) based classification approach has been used to assess the liquefaction potential from actual shear wave velocity data. In this approach, an approximate implementation of a structural risk minimization (SRM) induction principle is done, which aims at minimizing a bound on the generalization error of a model rather than minimizing only the mean square error over the data set. Here SVM has been used as a classification tool to predict liquefaction potential of a soil based on shear wave velocity. The dataset consists the information of soil characteristics such as effective vertical stress (sigma'(v0)), soil type, shear wave velocity (V-s) and earthquake parameters such as peak horizontal acceleration (a(max)) and earthquake magnitude (M). Out of the available 186 datasets, 130 are considered for training and remaining 56 are used for testing the model. The study indicated that SVM can successfully model the complex relationship between seismic parameters, soil parameters and the liquefaction potential. In the model based on soil characteristics, the input parameters used are sigma'(v0), soil type. V-s, a(max) and M. In the other model based on shear wave velocity alone uses V-s, a(max) and M as input parameters. In this paper, it has been demonstrated that Vs alone can be used to predict the liquefaction potential of a soil using a support vector machine model. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science B.V.
Keywords: Liquefaction; Shear wave velocity; Support vector machine
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2011 07:05
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2011 07:05
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/35896

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