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Quantum Properties in Transport Through Nanoscopic Rings:Charge-Spin Separation and Interference Effects

Hallberg, K and Rincon, Julian and Ramasesha, S (2010) Quantum Properties in Transport Through Nanoscopic Rings:Charge-Spin Separation and Interference Effects. In: 33rd International Workshop on Condensed Matter Theories Quito, AUG 16-22, 2009 , ECUADOR, pp. 5068-5078.

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Official URL: http://www.worldscinet.com/ijmpb/24/2425n26/S02179...

Abstract

Many of the most intriguing quantum effects are observed or could be measured in transport experiments through nanoscopic systems such as quantum dots, wires and rings formed by large molecules or arrays of quantum dots. In particular, the separation of charge and spin degrees of freedom and interference effects have important consequences in the conductivity through these systems. Charge-spin separation was predicted theoretically in one-dimensional strongly inter-acting systems (Luttinger liquids) and, although observed indirectly in several materials formed by chains of correlated electrons, it still lacks direct observation. We present results on transport properties through Aharonov-Bohmrings (pierced by a magnetic flux) with one or more channels represented by paradigmatic strongly-correlated models. For a wide range of parameters we observe characteristic dips in the conductance as a function of magnetic flux which are a signature of spin and charge separation. Interference effects could also be controlled in certain molecules and interesting properties could be observed. We analyze transport properties of conjugated molecules, benzene in particular, and find that the conductance depends on the lead configuration. In molecules with translational symmetry, the conductance can be controlled by breaking or restoring this symmetry, e.g. by the application of a local external potential. These results open the possibility of observing these peculiar physical properties in anisotropic ladder systems and in real nanoscopic and molecular devices.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to World Scientific Publishing Company.
Keywords: Charge-spin separation; quantum interference; strong correlations
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2011 05:18
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2011 05:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/35897

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