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Membranes of Cationic Gemini Lipids based on Cholesterol with Hydroxyl Headgroups and their Interactions with DNA and Phospholipid

Biswas, Joydeep and Bajaj, Avinash and Bhattacharya, Santanu (2011) Membranes of Cationic Gemini Lipids based on Cholesterol with Hydroxyl Headgroups and their Interactions with DNA and Phospholipid. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 115 (3). pp. 478-486.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp108372z

Abstract

Two series of cholesterol-based cationic gemini lipids with and without hydroxyl functions at the headgroups possessing different lengths of polymethylene -(CH2)(n)-] (n = 3, 4, 5, 6, 12) spacer have been synthesized. Each gemini lipid formed stable suspension in water. The suspensions of these gemini lipids in water were investigated using transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, zeta potential measurements and X-ray diffraction to characterize the nature of the individual aggregates formed therein. The aggregation properties of these gemini lipids in water were found to strongly depend upon the length of the spacer and the presence of hydroxyl group at the headgroup region. Lipoplex formation (DNA binding) and the release of the DNA from such lipoplexes were performed to understand the nature of interactions that prevail between these cationic cholesterol aggregates and duplex DNA. The interactions between such gemini lipids and DNA depend both on the presence of OH on the headgroups and the spacer length between the headgroups. Finally, we studied the effect of incorporation of each cationic gemini lipid into dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine vesicles using differential scanning calorimetry. The properties of the resulting mixed membranes were found again to depend upon the nature of the headgroup and the spacer chain length.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2011 09:16
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2011 09:16
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/36004

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