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An Approach Toward Homocalystegines and Silyl-homocalystegines. Acid-Mediated Migrations of Acetates in Seven-Membered Ring Systems

Beniazza, Redouane and Desvergnes, Valerie and Mehta, Goverdhan and Blanchard, Nicolas and Robert, Frederic and Landais, Yannick (2011) An Approach Toward Homocalystegines and Silyl-homocalystegines. Acid-Mediated Migrations of Acetates in Seven-Membered Ring Systems. In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, 76 (3). pp. 791-799.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jo101945h

Abstract

A short access to homocalystegine analogues silylated at C7 is described. The synthesis involves the desymmetrization of a (phenyldimethylsilyl)methylcycloheptatriene using osmium-mediated dihydroxylation, followed by the diol protection and a cycloaddition involving the remaining diene moiety and an acylnitroso reagent. Additions of the osmium and acylnitroso reagents were shown, through X-ray diffraction studies of the resulting major isomers, to occur anti and syn, respectively, relative to the SiCH2 substituent. N-O bond cleavage on the resulting cycloadduct then produces the aminopolyol having a silylmethyl substituent. Oxidation of the C-Si bond also afforded an access to unusual amino-heptitols having five contiguous stereogenic centers. In the course of this work, we finally observed a unusual rearrangement taking place on cycloheptanone 18 substituted by two acetyl groups and a neighboring Boc-protected amine. A profound reorganization of the substituents on the seven-membered ring effectively took place under acidic conditions (TFA) leading to the thermodynamically more stable homocalystegine-type compound., DFT calculations of the conformational energy of isomeric silyl homocalystegines indicated that the product observed upon the acid-mediated rearrangement was the most stable of a series of analogues with various distributions of substituents along the seven-membered ring backbone. A tentative mechanism is proposed to rationalize the acetate migrations and inversions of the stereochemistry at various stereocenters.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2011 06:45
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2011 06:45
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/36005

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