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Prediction of the Indian summer monsoon rainfall using a state-of-the-art coupled ocean-atmosphere model

Janakiraman, S and Ved, Mohit and Laveti, Ramesh Naidu and Yadav, Priyanka and Gadgil, Sulochana (2011) Prediction of the Indian summer monsoon rainfall using a state-of-the-art coupled ocean-atmosphere model. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 100 (3). pp. 354-362.

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Abstract

A state-of-the-art model of the coupled ocean-atmosphere system, the climate forecast system (CFS), from the National Centres for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), USA, has been ported onto the PARAM Padma parallel computing system at the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC), Bangalore and retrospective predictions for the summer monsoon (June-September) season of 2009 have been generated, using five initial conditions for the atmosphere and one initial condition for the ocean for May 2009. Whereas a large deficit in the Indian summer monsoon rainfall (ISMR; June-September) was experienced over the Indian region (with the all-India rainfall deficit by 22% of the average), the ensemble average prediction was for above-average rainfall during the summer monsoon. The retrospective predictions of ISMR with CFS from NCEP for 1981-2008 have been analysed. The retrospective predictions from NCEP for the summer monsoon of 1994 and that from CDAC for 2009 have been compared with the simulations for each of the seasons with the stand-alone atmospheric component of the model, the global forecast system (GFS), and observations. It has been shown that the simulation with GFS for 2009 showed deficit rainfall as observed. The large error in the prediction for the monsoon of 2009 can be attributed to a positive Indian Ocean Dipole event seen in the prediction from July onwards, which was not present in the observations. This suggests that the error could be reduced with improvement of the ocean model over the equatorial Indian Ocean.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: Ocean-atmosphere model;prediction;rainfall;summer monsoon
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2011 06:40
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2013 07:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/36043

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