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Analysis of the effects of amino-acid-sequence on the structure of proteins

Baranidharan, S and Murthy, MRN (1994) Analysis of the effects of amino-acid-sequence on the structure of proteins. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 66 (11). pp. 847-856.

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Abstract

The conformation of amino acid side chains as observed in well-determined structures of globular proteins has earlier been extensively investigated. In contrast, the structural features of the polypeptide backbone that result from the occurrence of specific amino acids along the polypeptide have not been analysed. In this article, we present the statistically significant features in the backbone geometry that appear to be a consequence of the occurrence of rotamers of different amino acid side chains by analysing 102 well-refined structures that form a random collection of proteins. It is found that the persistence of helical segments around each residue is influenced by the residue type. Several residues exert asymmetrical influence between the carboxyl and amino terminal polypeptide segments. The degree to which secondary structures depart from an average geometry also appears to depend on residue type. These departures are correlated to the corresponding Chou and Fasman parameters of amino acid residues. The frequency distribution of the side chain rotamers is influenced by polypeptide secondary structure. In turn, the rotamer conformation of side chain affects the extension of the secondary structure of the backbone. The strongest correlation is found between the occurrence of g+ conformation and helix propagation on the carboxyl side of many residues.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2011 05:11
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2011 05:11
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/36127

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