Moka, Sudheshna and Nott, Prabhu R (2005) Statistics of Particle Velocities in Dense Granular Flows. In: Physical Review Letters, 95 (6).
We present measurements of the particle velocity distribution in the slow flow of granular material through vertical channels. The velocities of particles adjacent to the smooth, transparent front face of the channel were determined by video imaging and particle tracking.We find that the mean velocity changes sharply in shear layers near the side walls, but remains constant in a substantial core. The velocity distribution is non-Gaussian, is anisotropic, and follows a power lawat large velocities. Remarkably, the distribution is identical in the shear layer and the core. We show evidence of spatially correlated motion, and propose a mechanism for the generation of fluctuational motion in the absence of shear.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright for this article belongs to American Physical Society.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering|
|Date Deposited:||06 Sep 2005|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 04:20|
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