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Potential of bio-DME as a transportation fuel for India

Himabindu, M and Ravikrishna, RV (2010) Potential of bio-DME as a transportation fuel for India. In: Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 2 (5).

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Abstract

This article discusses the potential of bio-dimethyl ether (DME) as a promising fuel for India in the transportation sector where a majority of imported petroleum in the form of diesel is used. Specifically, the suitability of DME in terms of its properties vis-a-vis those of diesel, ability to liquefy DME at low pressures similar to liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and ease of production from renewable feedstock (biomass), and most importantly, very low emissions including near-zero soot levels are some of the features that make it an attractive option. A detailed review presents the state-of-the-art on various aspects such as estimates of potential bio-DME production, methods of synthesis of bio-DME, important physicochemical properties, fuel-injection system-related concerns (both conventional and common-rail system), fuel spray characteristics which have a direct bearing on the engine performance, and finally, exhaust emissions. Future research directions covering all aspects from production to utilization are summarized (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. doi:10.1063/1.3489529]

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Keywords: biofuel;engines;fuel systems;transportation
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2011 06:04
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2011 06:04
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/36196

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