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Influence of Bi 3+ ions in enhancing the magnitude of positive temperature coefficients of resistance in n-BaTiO3 ceramics

Padmini , P and Kutty, TRN (1994) Influence of Bi 3+ ions in enhancing the magnitude of positive temperature coefficients of resistance in n-BaTiO3 ceramics. In: Journal of materials science: materials in electronics, 5 (4). 203-209 .

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Abstract

Bi3+ ions substituting at Ba-sites in a limited concentration range with another donor dopant occupying the Ti-sites in polycrystalline BaTiO3 enhanced the positive temperature coefficient of resistance (PTCR) by over seven orders of magnitude. These ceramics did not require normal post sinter annealing or a change to an oxygen atmosphere during annealing. These ceramics had low porosities coupled with better stabilities to large applied electric fields and chemically reducing atmospheres. Bi3+ ions limited the grain growth to less than 8 mum in size, they enhanced the concentration of acceptor-type trap centres at the grain-boundary-layer regions and maintained complete tetragonality at low grain sizes in BaTiO3 ceramics.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 24 May 2011 08:32
Last Modified: 24 May 2011 08:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/36550

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