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Vinyl Monomer Based Polyperoxides as Potential Initiators for Radical Polymerization: An Exploratory Investigation with Poly(.alpha.-methylstyrene peroxide)

Murthy, Shanmugananda K and Kishore, K and Krishna, Mohan V (1994) Vinyl Monomer Based Polyperoxides as Potential Initiators for Radical Polymerization: An Exploratory Investigation with Poly(.alpha.-methylstyrene peroxide). In: Macromolecules, 27 (24). pp. 7109-7114.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ma00102a017

Abstract

We describe the use of poly(alpha-methylstyrene peroxide) (P alpha MSP), an alternating copolymer of alpha-methylstyrene and oxygen, as initiator for the radical polymerization of vinyl monomers. Thermal decomposition of P alpha MSP in 1,4-dioxane follows first-order kinetics with an activation energy (E(a)) of 34.6 kcal/mol. Polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and styrene using P alpha MSP as an initiator was carried out in the temperature range 60-90 degrees C. The kinetic order with respect to the initiator and the monomer was close to 0.5 and 1.0, respectively, for both monomers. The E(a) for the polymerization was 20.6 and 22.9 kcal/mol for MMA and styrene, respectively. The efficiency of P alpha MSP was found to be in the range 0.02-0.04. The low efficiency of P alpha MSP was explained in terms of the unimolecular decomposition of the alkoxy radicals which competes with primary radical initiation. The presence of peroxy segments in the main chain of PMMA and polystyrene was confirmed from spectroscopic and DSC studies. R(i)'/2I values for P alpha MSP compared to that of BPO at 80 degrees C indicate that P alpha MSP can be used as an effective high-temperature initiator.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American chemical society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2011 05:07
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2011 05:07
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/36939

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