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Levitation Effect: Role of Symmetry and Dependence of Diffusivity on the Bond Length of Homonuclear and Heteronuclear Diatomic Species

Sharma, Manju and Yoshonath, S (2011) Levitation Effect: Role of Symmetry and Dependence of Diffusivity on the Bond Length of Homonuclear and Heteronuclear Diatomic Species. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 115 (13). pp. 3514-3521.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp1096663

Abstract

Molecular dynamics investigation of model diatomic species confined to the alpha-cages of zeolite NaY is reported. The dependence of self-diffusivity on the bond length of the diatomic species has been investigated. Three different sets of runs have been carried out. In the first set, the two atoms of the diatomic molecule interact with the zeolite atoms with equal strength (example, O-2, the symmetric case). In the second and third sets which correspond to asymmetric cases, the two atoms of the diatomic molecule interact with unequal strengths (example, CO). The result for the symmetric case exhibits a well-defined maximum in self-diffusivity for an intermediate bond length. In contrast to this, the intermediate asymmetry leads to a less pronounced maximum. For the large asymmetric case, the maximum is completely absent. These findings are analyzed by computing a number of related properties. These results provide a direct confirmation at the microscopic level of the suggestion by Derouane that the supermobility observed experimentally by Kemball has its origin in the mutual cancellation of forces. The maximum in diffusivity from molecular dynamics is seen at the value predicted by the levitation effect. Further, these findings suggest a role for symmetry in the existence of a diffusivity maximum as a function of diameter of the diffusant often referred to as the levitation effect. The nature of the required symmetry for the existence of anomalous diffusivity is interaction symmetry which is different from that normally encountered in crystallography.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2011 05:47
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2011 05:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/36950

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