ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

AM(1-x)Al(x)O(3-x) (A=Na or K; M=Nb or Ta): New anion-deficient Perovskite oxides exhibiting oxide ion conduction

Thangadurai, V and Subbanna, GN and Shukla, AK and Gopalakrishnan, J (1996) AM(1-x)Al(x)O(3-x) (A=Na or K; M=Nb or Ta): New anion-deficient Perovskite oxides exhibiting oxide ion conduction. In: Chemistry of Materials, 8 (6). pp. 1302-1306.

[img] PDF
AM1-xAlxO3-x_(A_).pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (300Kb) | Request a copy
Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/cm950567s

Abstract

Anion-deficient perovskite oxides of the formula AM(1-x)Al(x)O(3-x) (A = Na or K; M = Nb or Ta) have been prepared for 0 < x less than or equal to 0.5. Diffraction experiments reveal that while the potassium compounds adopt orthorhombic/cubic perovskite structures similar to the parent KNbO3/KTaO3, the sodium compound, NaNb0.5Al0.5O2.5, possesses a brownmillerite/LaSr-CuAlO5-like superstructure. Al-27 NMR spectra show an exclusive tetrahedral oxygen coordination for AI(III) in Na-Nb0.5Al0.5O2.5 (I) and both tetrahedral and octahedral coordination for Al(III) in KNb0.5Al0.5O2.5 (II). The results suggest a long-range and short-range ordering of oxide ion vacancies in I and II respectively. Electrical conductivity measurements show a significant oxide ion conduction for KNb1-xAlxO3-x, with the conductivity increasing with x up to x = 0.5. The differences in the Arrhenius plots of the ionic conductivity of I and II have been rationalized in terms of the long-range and short-range ordering of oxide ion vacancies in the anion-deficient perovskite oxides.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 10 May 2011 09:51
Last Modified: 10 May 2011 09:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/37004

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item