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Identification of the active-site peptide of 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid decarboxylase from Aspergillus oryzae

Santha, R and Rao, Appaji N and Vaidyanathan, CS (1996) Identification of the active-site peptide of 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid decarboxylase from Aspergillus oryzae. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology, 1293 (2). pp. 191-200.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0167-4838(95)00242-1

Abstract

The non-oxidative decarboxylation of aromatic acids is a poorly understood reaction. The transformation of 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid to catechol in the fungal metabolism of indole is a prototype of such a reaction. 2,3-Dihydroxybenzoic acid decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.46) which catalyzes this reaction was purified to homogeneity from anthranilate induced cultures of Aspergillus oryzae using affinity chromatography. The enzyme did not require cofactors like NAD(+), PLP, TPP or metal ions for its activity. There was no spectral evidence for the presence of enzyme bound cofactors. The preparation, which was adjudged homogeneous by the criteria of SDS-PAGE, sedimentation analysis and N-terminal analysis, was characterized for its physicochemical and kinetic parameters. The enzyme was inactivated by group-specific modifiers like diethyl pyrocarbonate (DEPC) and N-ethylmaleimide (NEM). The kinetics of inactivation by DEPC suggested the presence of a single class of essential histidine residues, the second order rate constant of inactivation for which was 12.5 M(-1) min(-1). A single class of cysteine residues was modified by NEM with a second order rate constant of 33 M(-1) min(-1). Substrate analogues protected the enzyme against inactivation by both DEPC and NEM, suggesting the Location of the essential histidine and cysteine to be at the active site of the enzyme. The incorporation of radiolabelled NEM in a differential labelling experiment was 0.73 mol per mol subunit confirming the presence of a single essential cysteine per active-site. Differentially labelled enzyme was enzymatically cleaved and the peptide bearing the label was purified and sequenced. The active-site peptide LLGLAETCK and the N-terminal sequence MLGKIALEEAFALPRFEEKT did not bear any similarity to sequences reported in the Swiss-Prot Protein Sequence Databank, a reflection probably of the unique primary structure of this novel enzyme. The sequences reported in this study will appear in the Swiss-Prot Protein Sequence Databank under the accession number P80402.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier science.
Keywords: Aromatic acid;Decarboxylase;Active-site peptide
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2011 10:43
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2011 10:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/37290

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