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Influence of pH on the retention of heavy metal ions by fly ash

Sridharan, A and Pandian, NS and Rajasekhar, C (1996) Influence of pH on the retention of heavy metal ions by fly ash. In: 2nd International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics, NOV 05-08, 1996, OSAKA, JAPAN.

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Abstract

Clay liners have been widely used to contain toxic and hazardous wastes. Clays adsorb the contaminant cations due to their exchange capacity. To improve the performance of the clay liner, fly ash, a waste material arising out of combustion of coal has been studied as a pre-filter material. The results indicate that fly ash has the potential to retain heavy metal ions. This study concerns the retention of zinc by fly ash. The influence of pH on retention as well as leaching characteristics are examined. The results obtained from the retention experiments by permeameter method indicate that fly ash retains the zinc ions through precipitation in the pores as well as onto the surface when the ambient pH value is more than 6.9, and only through adsorption when the pH value is less than 6.9. It has been observed that fly ash did not release the retained zinc ions when the pH value is between 3.5 and 10.0. Hence, the retention of zinc ions by fly ash is likely to be permanent since the pH of most of the landfill leachates are between 3.7 to 8.8.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to A A Balkema.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2011 06:51
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2011 06:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/37312

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