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Coherent-mode decomposition of general anisotropic Gaussian Schell-model beams

Sundar, K and Mukunda, N and Simon, R (1995) Coherent-mode decomposition of general anisotropic Gaussian Schell-model beams. In: Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, 12 (3). pp. 560-569.

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Abstract

We present a complete solution to the problem of coherent-mode decomposition of the most general anisotropic Gaussian Schell-model (AGSM) beams, which constitute a ten-parameter family. Our approach is based on symmetry considerations. Concepts and techniques familiar from the context of quantum mechanics in the two-dimensional plane are used to exploit the Sp(4, R) dynamical symmetry underlying the AGSM problem. We take advantage of the fact that the symplectic group of first-order optical system acts unitarily through the metaplectic operators on the Hilbert space of wave amplitudes over the transverse plane, and, using the Iwasawa decomposition for the metaplectic operator and the classic theorem of Williamson on the normal forms of positive definite symmetric matrices under linear canonical transformations, we demonstrate the unitary equivalence of the AGSM problem to a separable problem earlier studied by Li and Wolf [Opt. Lett. 7, 256 (1982)] and Gori and Guattari [Opt. Commun. 48, 7 (1983)]. This conn ction enables one to write down, almost by inspection, the coherent-mode decomposition of the general AGSM beam. A universal feature of the eigenvalue spectrum of the AGSM family is noted.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Optical Society of America.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Theoretical Studies
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2011 09:23
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2011 09:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/37348

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