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Combustion synthesis and properties of the NASICON family of materials

Dhas, Nalamudayan Arul and Patil, Kashinath C (1995) Combustion synthesis and properties of the NASICON family of materials. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry, 5 (9). pp. 1463-1468.

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Abstract

The fine-particle NASICON family of materials, MZr2P3O12(where M = Na, K, ½Ca and ¼Zr) and NbZrP3O12, have been prepared by the combustion of aqueous heterogeneous mixtures of stoichiometric amounts of metal nitrate, zirconyl nitrate, niobium phosphate, diammonium hydrogen phosphate, ammonium perchlorate and carbohydrazide (CH) at 400 °C. The formation of NASICON materials was confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), IR, solid-state (31P) NMR spectroscopy and thermal expansion coefficient measurements. The combustion-synthesized NASICON powders have an average agglomerate size of 9�13 µm with a specific surface area varying from 8 to 28 m2 g�1. The powders pelletized and sintered in the range 1100�1200 °C for 5 h achieved 95�97% theoretical density and showed fine-grain microstructure. The coefficient of thermal expansion of a sintered compact was measured up to 500 °C and ranged from �1.5 × 10�6°C�1 to 1.0 × 10�6°C�1 depending on the composition.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Society of Chemistry.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2011 09:18
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2011 09:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/37406

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