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Comparative Nucleotide and Amino Acid Sequence Analysis of the Sequence-Specific RNA-Binding Rotavirus Nonstructural Protein NSP3

Rao, Durga C and Das, Manjula and Ilango, P and Lalwani, Ratna and Rao, Bhargavi S and Gowda, Krishne (1995) Comparative Nucleotide and Amino Acid Sequence Analysis of the Sequence-Specific RNA-Binding Rotavirus Nonstructural Protein NSP3. In: Virology, 207 (1). pp. 327-333.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/viro.1995.1087

Abstract

NSP3, an acidic nonstructural protein, encoded by gene 7 has been implicated as the key player in the assembly of the 11 viral plus-strand RNAs into the early replication intermediates during rotavirus morphogenesis. To date, the sequence or NSP3 from only three animal rotaviruses (SA11, SA114F, and bovine UK) has been determined and that from a human strain has not been reported. To determine the genetic diversity among gene 7 alleles from group A rotaviruses, the nucleotide sequence of the NSP3 gene from 13 strains belonging to nine different G serotypes, from both humans and animals, has been determined. Based on the amino acid sequence identity as well as phylogenetic analysis, NSP3 from group A rotaviruses falls into three evolutionarily related groups, i.e., the SA11 group, the Wa group, and the S2 group. The SA 11/SA114F gene appears to have a distant ancestral origin from that of the others and codes for a polypeptide of 315 amino acids (aa) in length. NSP3 from all other group A rotaviruses is only 313 aa in length because of a 2-amino-acid deletion near the carboxy-terminus, While the SA114F gene has the longest 3' untranslated region (UTR) of 132 nucleotides, that from other strains suffered deletions of varying lengths at two positions downstream of the translational termination codon. In spite of the divergence of the nucleotide (nt) sequence in the protein coding region, a stretch of about 80 nt in the 3' UTR is highly conserved in the NSP3 gene from all the strains. This conserved sequence in the 3' UTR might play an important role in the regulation of expression of the NSP3 gene. (C) 1995 Academic Press, Inc.

Item Type: Editorials/Short Communications
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Others
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2011 09:21
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2011 09:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/37408

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