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Determination of the Gibbs energy of diamond using a solid state cell

Jacob, KT (1995) Determination of the Gibbs energy of diamond using a solid state cell. In: Solid State Communications, 94 (9). pp. 763-765.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-1098(95)00079-8

Abstract

he chemical potential of carbon in diamond, relative to its value in graphite, has been directly determined using a solid state electrochemical cell incorporating single crystal CaF2 as the solid electrolyte. The cell can be represented as Pt, C(graphite) + CaC2 + CaF2double vertical barCaF2double vertical barCaF2 + CaC2 + C(diamond), Pt The reversible emf of this cell is directly related by the Nernst equation to the Gibbs free energy change for the conversion of diamond to graphite. The difference in the chemical potential of carbon in the two crystal structures varies linearly with temperature in the range 940 to 1260 K ?C(diamond) ? ?C(graphite) = 1100 + 4.64T (±50) J mol?1 On the average, the values given by the equation are 320 J mol?1 less positive than the currently accepted ones based on calorimetric studies. The difference is primarily in the enthalpy term.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: D.thermodynamic properties
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2011 08:50
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2011 08:50
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/37541

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