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Photocytotoxicity and DNA photocleavage activity of La(III) and Gd(III) complexes of phenanthroline bases

Hussain, Akhtar and Saha, Sounik and Majumdar, Ritankar and Dighe, Rajan R and Chakravarty, Akhil R (2011) Photocytotoxicity and DNA photocleavage activity of La(III) and Gd(III) complexes of phenanthroline bases. In: Indian Journal of Chemistry - Section A: Inorganic, Physical, Theoretical and Analytical Chemistry, 50 (3-4, S). pp. 519-530.

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Official URL: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/11250

Abstract

Lanthanide(II) complexes La(B)(acac)(3)] (1-3) and Gd(B)(acac)(3)] (4-6), where B is a N,N-donor phenanthroline base, viz., 1,10-phenanthroline (phen in 1, 4), dipyrido3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline (dpq in 2, 5) and dipyrido3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (dppz in 3, 6), have been prepared and characterized. The Gd(111) complexes 4 6 are structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray crystallography. The complexes display GdO6N2 coordination with the ligands showing bidentate chelating mode of bonding. The complexes are non-electrolytic in aqueous DMF and exhibit ligand-centered absorption bands in the UV region. The dppz complexes show a band at 380 nm in DMF. The La(111) complexes are diamagnetic. The Gd(III) complexes are paramagnetic with magnetic moment that corresponds to seven unpaired electrons. The Complexes are avid binders to calf thymus DNA giving K-b values in the range of 4.7 x 10(4) 6.1 x 10(5) M-1 with a relative binding order: 3, 6 (dppz) > 2, 5 (dpq) > 1, 4 (phen). The binding data suggest DNA surface and/or groove binding nature of the complexes. The dpq and dppz complexes efficiently cleave SC DNA to its nicked circular form in UV-A light of 365 nm via formation of both singlet oxygen (O-1(2)) and hydroxyl radical (HO center dot) species. The dppz complexes 3 and 6 exhibit significant PDT effect in He La cervical cancer cells giving respective IC50 value of 460(+/- 50) and 530(+/- 30) nM in UV-A light of 365 rim, and are essentially non-toxic in dark with an IC50 value of >100 mu M. The dppz ligand alone is cytotoxic in dark and UV-A light. A significant decrease in the dark toxicity of the dppz base is observed on binding to the Ln(III) ion while retaining its photocytotoxicity.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources.
Keywords: Bioinorganic chemistry;Lanthanides;Phenanthroline bases; Crystal structures;DNA binding;DNA photocleavage; Photocleavage;Photocytotoxicity;Cytotoxicity
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics (formed by the merger of DBGL and CRBME)
Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 20 May 2011 08:00
Last Modified: 20 May 2011 08:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/37576

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