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Observation of Water-Mediated Helix-Terminating Conformation in a Dehydrophenylalanine Peptide: Crystal and Solution Structure of the Octapeptide Ac-.DELTA.Phe-Val-.DELTA.Phe-Phe-Ala-Val-.DELTA.Phe-Gly-OMe

Rajashankar, KR and Ramakumar, S and Jain, RM and Chauhan, VS (1995) Observation of Water-Mediated Helix-Terminating Conformation in a Dehydrophenylalanine Peptide: Crystal and Solution Structure of the Octapeptide Ac-.DELTA.Phe-Val-.DELTA.Phe-Phe-Ala-Val-.DELTA.Phe-Gly-OMe. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 117 (47). pp. 11773-11779.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja00152a020

Abstract

We have synthesised and determined the solution conformation and X-ray crystal structure of the octapeptide Ac-Delta Phe(1)-Val(2)-Delta Phe(3)-Phe(4)-Ala(5)-Val(6)-Delta Phe(7)-Gly(8)-OCH3 (Delta Phe = alpha,beta-dehydrophenylalanine) containing three Delta Phe residues as conformation constraining residues. In the solid state, the peptide folds into (i) an N-terminal (3)10(R)-helical pentapeptide segment, (ii) a middle non-helical segment, and (iii) a C-terminal incipient (3)10(L)-helical segment. The results of H-1 NMR data also suggest that a similar multiple-turn conformation for the peptide is largely maintained in solution. Though the C-terminal helix is incipient, the overall conformation of the octapeptide matches well with the conformation of the hairpins reported. Comparison of the pi-turn seen in the octapeptide molecule with those observed in proteins at the C-terminal end of helixes shows the structural similarity among them. A water molecule mediates the 5 --> 2 hydrogen bond in the pi-turn region. This is the first example of a water-inserted pi-turn in oligopeptides reported so far. Comparison between the present octapeptide and another (3)10(R)-helical dehydro nonapeptide Boc-Val-Delta Phe-Phe-Ala-Phe-Delta Phe-Val-Delta Phe-Gly-OCH3 solved by us recently, demonstrates the possible sequence-dependent conformational variations in alpha,beta-dehydrophenylalanine-containing oligopeptides.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 18 May 2011 08:06
Last Modified: 18 May 2011 08:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/37754

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