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Functional Characterization of Peanut Serine/Threonine/Tyrosine Protein Kinase: Molecular Docking and Inhibition Kinetics with Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors

Rudrabhatla, Parvathi and Rajasekharan, Ram (2004) Functional Characterization of Peanut Serine/Threonine/Tyrosine Protein Kinase: Molecular Docking and Inhibition Kinetics with Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors. In: Biochemistry, 43 (38). pp. 12123-12132.

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Abstract

Serine/threonine/tyrosine (STY) protein kinase from peanut is developmentally regulated and is induced by abiotic stresses. In addition, STY protein kinase activity is regulated by tyrosine phosphorylation. Kinetic mechanism of plant dual specificity protein kinases is not studied so far. Recombinant STY protein kinase occurs as a monomer in solution as shown by gel filtration chromatography. The relative phosphorylation rate of kinase against increasing enzyme concentrations follows a first-order kinetics indicating an intramolecular phosphorylation mechanism. Moreover, the active recombinant STY protein kinase could not transphosphorylate a kinase-deficient mutant of STY protein kinase. Molecular docking studies revealed that the tyrosine kinase inhibitors bind the protein kinase at the same region as ATP. STY protein kinase activity was inhibited by the tyrosine kinase inhibitors, and the inhibitor potency series against the recombinant STY protein kinase was tyrphostin > genistein > staurosporine. The inhibition constant (Ki), and the IC50 value of STY protein kinase for tyrosine kinase inhibitors with ATP and histone are discussed. All the inhibitors competed with ATP. Genistein was an uncompetitive inhibitor with histone, whereas staurosporine and tyrphostin were linear mixed type noncompetitive inhibitors with histone. Molecular docking and kinetic analysis revealed that Y148F mutant of the "ATP-binding loop" and Y297F mutant of the "activation loop" showed a dramatic increase in Ki values for genistein and tyrphostin with respect to wild-type STY protein kinase. Data presented here provide the direct evidence on the mechanism of inhibition of plant protein kinases by tyrosine kinase inhibitors. This study also suggests that tyrosine kinase inhibitors may be useful in unraveling the plant tyrosine phosphorylation signaling cascades.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2005
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2008 11:30
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/3795

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