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A profile of adenosine triphosphate

Ramasarma, T (1998) A profile of adenosine triphosphate. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 74 (11). pp. 953-966.

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Abstract

An attempt is made to draw a profile of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and to project its many actions. The amazing versatility of its participation in a number of synthetic reactions lies in the oligophosphate structure. Many proteins that use ATP have conserved binding 'P-loop' but this gives no clue what makes it so special. The energy transducing reactions leading to synthesis of the terminal phosphodiester had at least three strategies. Of these, direct dehydration and transfer of inorganic phosphate using respiratory energy operate through mechano-coupling in a multisubunit protein. This tripartite, knob-stalk-base structure provides a novel mechanism of rotational catalysis and the tiniest molecular motor, All the reactions occur in concert with no sign of energized chemical intermediate. With the new knowledge on the crystal structure of F-1-ATPase, proton translocation needs a relook. An alternative perspective is emerging on energy being received and stored in polypeptide structure by breaking hydrogen bonds. Membrane serves the purpose of mobilizing the constituent proteins and also as a potential energy carrier of proteins with little loss of energy.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: Escherichia-Coli;Atp Synthase;Oxidative-Phosphorylation; Electron-Microscopy;Conformational-Changes;Alpha-Subunits; Beta-Subunit;F1-Atpase;Mitochondria;Mechanism.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2011 04:24
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2011 04:24
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/38067

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