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Nature of the Oxygen Species at Ni(110) and Ni(100) Surfaces Revealed by Exposure to Oxygen and Oxygen-Ammonia Mixtures: Evidence for the Surface Reactivity of O- Type Species

Kulkarni, GU and Rao, CNR and Roberts, MW (1995) Nature of the Oxygen Species at Ni(110) and Ni(100) Surfaces Revealed by Exposure to Oxygen and Oxygen-Ammonia Mixtures: Evidence for the Surface Reactivity of O- Type Species. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry, 99 (10). pp. 3310-3316.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/j100010a048

Abstract

Adsorption of dioxygen at clean Ni(110) and Ni(100) surfaces gives rise to two prominent features in the O(1s) spectra at 530 and 531 eV due to O2- and O- type species, respectively. Interaction of ammonia with a Ni(100)-O surface where theta(oxygen) < 0.1 ML favors the dissociation of NH3 giving NHn, (n = 1, 2) and N(a) species. This is accompanied by a decrease in the intensity of the 531 eV feature. On the other hand. a Ni(100)-O surface where the oxygen species are mainly of the O2- type is unreactive, Coadsorption studies of NH3-O-2 mixtures show that at Ni(110) surfaces the uptake of both oxygen and ammonia increase with the proportion of oxygen in the NH3-O-2 mixture. The surface concentrations of the O- species and the NHn species also increase with the increase in the O-2/NH3 ratio while the slope of the plot of sigma(N) versus sigma(O-) is around unity. The results demonstrate the high surface reactivity of the O- species and its role in the dissociation of ammonia. Based on these observations, the possibility of the formation of a surface complex between ammonia and oxygen (specifically O-) is suggested. Results from vibrational spectroscopic studies of the coadsorption of NH3-O-2 mixtures are consistent with those from core-level spectroscopic studies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Others
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2011 05:04
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2011 05:04
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/38124

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