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Universal Stability and Temperature Dependent Phase Transformation in Group VIIIB-IB Transition Metal FCC Nanowires

Sutrakar, Vijay Kumar and Mahapatra, Roy D (2011) Universal Stability and Temperature Dependent Phase Transformation in Group VIIIB-IB Transition Metal FCC Nanowires. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 115 (21). pp. 10394-10398.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp2006815

Abstract

Atomistic simulation of Ag, Al, Au, Cu, Ni, Pd, and Pt FCC metallic nanowires show a universal FCC -> HCP phase transformation below a critical cross-sectional size, which is reported for the first time in this paper. The newly observed HCP structure is also confirmed from previous experimental results. Above the critical cross-sectional size, initial < 100 >/{100} FCC metallic nanowires are found to be metastable. External thermal heating shows the transformation of metastable < 100 >/{100} FCC nanowires into < 110 >/{111} stable configuration. Size dependent metastability/instability is also correlated with initial residual stresses of the nanowire by use of molecular static simulation using the conjugant gradient method at a temperature of 0 K. It is found that a smaller cross-sectional dimension of an initial FCC nanowire shows instability due to higher initial residual stresses, and the nanowire is transformed into the novel HCP structure. The initial residual stress shows reduction with an increase in the cross-sectional size of the nanowires. A size dependent critical temperature is also reported for metastable FCC nanowires using molecular dynamic, to capture the < 110 >/{111} to < 100 >/{100} shape memory and pseudoelasticity.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2011 04:53
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2011 04:53
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/38245

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