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Mutagenic significance of proton acidities in methylated guanine and thymine bases and deoxynucleosides: A theoretical study

Venkateswarlu, Divi and Lyngdoh, Duncan RH (1997) Mutagenic significance of proton acidities in methylated guanine and thymine bases and deoxynucleosides: A theoretical study. In: Journal of Molecular Structure (Theochem), 393 . pp. 151-161.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0166-1280(96)04847-6

Abstract

Proton changes have been advanced as being the key molecular basis for the mutagenecity of alkylated DNA bases and nucleosides, leading to questions as to which protons are involved and whether the protic changes are tautomeric shifts or abstractions. This semiempirical molecular orbital study seeks to clarify the issue by examining the various possibilities open for these protic changes in a number of methylated guanines and thymines and their deoxynucleosides. Proton shifts leading to tautomer formation are not predicted as being thermodynamically favourable in most cases. The most feasible proton abstractions are predicted to involve the Watson-Crick protons in all cases, which corroborates Watson-Crick proton loss as providing the key molecular basis for the induction of point mutations. The calculated proton acidities correlate well with experimental data. The gas-phase deprotonation enthalpies for a number of alkylated nucleosides are found to correlate linearly with the solvent-phase pK(a) values. The theoretically calculated enthalpies in a simulated aqueous solvent phase of the deprotonation reactions of various nucleic acid bases are also found to have good linear correlations with experimental pK(a) values. The consensus of these calculations is that O-6-alkyldeoxyguanosines, and O-2- and O-4-alkyldeoxythymidines would be mutagenic while N-7-alkyldeoxyguanosines would not be mutagenic (as experiment indicates). The untested N-3-methyldeoxyguanosine is predicted to be mutagenic. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Proton acidity;Alkylated nucleic acid base;Mutagenicity; Molecular orbital calculation
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2011 07:00
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2011 07:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/38314

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