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On the improvement of chimney weirs

Murthy, Keshava K and Rangaraj, C (1997) On the improvement of chimney weirs. In: Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering / Revue Canadienne de Génie Civil, 24 (4). 586-592 .

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Official URL: http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/l9...

Abstract

This paper is devoted to the improvement in the range of operation (linearity range) of chimney weir (consisting of a rectangular weir or vertical slot over an inward trapezium), A new and more elegant optimization procedure is developed to analyse the discharge-head relationship in the weir. It is shown that a rectangular weir placed over an inverted V-notch of depth 0.90d gives the maximum operating range, where d is the overall depth of the inward trapezoidal weir (from the crest to the vertex). For all flows in the rectangular portion, the discharge is proportional to the linear power of the head, h, measured above a reference plane located at 0.292d below the weir crest, in the range 0.90d less than or equal to h less than or equal to 7.474: within a maximum error of +/-1.5% from the theoretical discharge. The optimum range of operation of the newly designed weir is 200% greater than that in the chimney weir designed by Keshava Murthy and Giridhar, and is nearly 950% greater than that in the inverted V-notch. Experiments with two weirs having half crest widths of 0.10 and 0.12 m yield a constant average coefficient of discharge of 0.634 and confirm the theory. The application of the weir in the design of rectangular grit chamber outlet is emphasized, in that the datum for the linear discharge-head relationship is below the crest level of the weir.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to NRC Research Press.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2011 07:04
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2011 07:04
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/38334

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