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Preparation of the layered double hydroxide (LDH) LiAl2(OH)(7)center dot 2H(2)O, by gel to crystallite conversion and a hydrothermal method, and its conversion to lithium aluminates

Nayak, M and Kutty, TRN and Jayaraman, V and Periaswamy, G (1997) Preparation of the layered double hydroxide (LDH) LiAl2(OH)(7)center dot 2H(2)O, by gel to crystallite conversion and a hydrothermal method, and its conversion to lithium aluminates. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry, 7 (10). pp. 2131-2137.

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Abstract

A layered double hydroxide (LDH) with chemical composition LiAl2(OH)(7) . 2H(2)O was prepared via a wet chemical route of gel to crystallite (G-C) conversion at 80 degrees C involving the reaction of hydrated alumina gel, Al2O3.yH(2)O (80 < y < 120) with LiOH (Li2O/Al2O3 greater than or equal to 0.5) in presence of hydrophilic solvents such as ethanol under refluxing conditions. The hydrothermal synthesis was carried out using the same reactants by heating to less than or equal to 140 degrees C in a Teflon-lined autoclave under autogenerated pressure (less than or equal to 20 MPa). Transmission electron microscopy showed needle-shaped aggregates of size 0.04-0.1 mu m for the gel to crystallite conversion product, whereas the hydrothermal products consisted of individual lamellar crystallites of size 0.2-0.5 mu m with hexagonal morphology. The LDH prepared through the gel to crystallite conversion could be converted into LiAl(OH)(4) . H2O or LiAl(OH)(3)NO3 . H2O by imbibition of LiOH or LiNO3, respectively, under hydrothermal conditions. Thermal decomposition of LDH above 1400 degrees C gave rise to LiAl5O8 accompanied by the evaporation of Li2O. LiAl(OH)(4) . H2O and LiAl(OH)(3)NO3 . H2O decomposed in the temperature range 400-1000 degrees C to alpha- or beta-LiAlO2. The compositional dependence of the product, the intermediate phases formed during the heat treatment and the possible reactions involved are described in detail.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Society of Chemistry.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2011 14:02
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2011 14:02
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/38367

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