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Role of two consecutive alpha,beta-dehydrophenylalanines in peptide structure: Crystal and molecular structure of Boc-Leu-Delta Phe-Delta Phe-Ala-Phe-NHMe

Rajashankar, KR and Ramakumar, S and Jain, RM and Chauhan, VS (1997) Role of two consecutive alpha,beta-dehydrophenylalanines in peptide structure: Crystal and molecular structure of Boc-Leu-Delta Phe-Delta Phe-Ala-Phe-NHMe. In: Biopolymers, 42 (3). pp. 373-382.

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Abstract

An N-alpha-protected model pentapeptide containing two consecutive Delta Phe residues, Boc-Leu-Delta Phe-Delta Phe-Ala-Phe-NHMe, has been synthesized by solution methods and fully characterized. H-1-nmr studies provided evidence for the occurrence of a significant population of a conformer having three consecutive, intramolecularly II-bonded beta-bends in solution. The solid state structure has been determined by x-ray diffraction methods. The crystals grown from aqueous methanol are orthorhombic, space group P2(1)2(1)2(1),, a = 11.503(2), b = 16.554(2), c = 22.107(3) Angstrom, V = 4209(1) Angstrom,(3) and Z = 4. The x-ray data were collected on a CAD4 diffractometer using CuKalpha radiation (lambda = 1.5418 Angstrom). The structure was determined using direct methods and refined by full-matrix least-squares procedure. The R factor is 5.3%. The molecule is characterized by a right handed 3(10)-helical conformation ((phi) = -68.2 degrees (psi) = -26.3 degrees), which is made up of two consecutive type III beta-bends and one type I beta-bend. In the solid state the helical molecules are aligned head-to-tail, thus forming long rod like structures. A comparison with other peptide structures containing consecutive Delta Phe residues is also provided. The present study confirms that the -Delta Phe-Delta Phe-sequence can be accommodated in helical structures. (C) 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Keywords: x-ray diffraction;crystal structure;dehydrophenylalanine; constrained peptides;310-helix
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2011 12:20
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2011 12:20
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/38447

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