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Mean-field theory of charge ordering and phase transitions in the colossal-magnetoresistive manganites

Mishra, SK and Pandit, Rahul and Satpathy, S (1999) Mean-field theory of charge ordering and phase transitions in the colossal-magnetoresistive manganites. In: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 11 (43). pp. 8561-8578.

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Official URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/0953-8984/11/43/320

Abstract

We study phase transitions in the colossal-magnetoresistive manganites by using a mean-field theory both at zero and non-zero temperatures. Our Hamiltonian includes double-exchange, superexchange, and Hubbard terms with on-site and nearest-neighbour Coulomb interaction, with the parameters estimated from earlier density-functional calculations. The phase diagrams show magnetic and charge-ordered (or charge-disordered) phases as a result of the competition between the double-exchange, superexchange, and Hubbard terms, the relative effects of which are sensitively dependent on parameters such as doping, bandwidth, and temperature. In accord with the experimental observations, several important features are reproduced from our model, namely, (i) a phase transition from an insulating, charge-ordered antiferromagnetic to a metallic, charge-disordered ferromagnetic state near dopant concentration x = 1/2, (ii) the reduction of the transition temperature TAF-->F by the application of a magnetic field, (iii) melting of the charge order by a magnetic field, and (iv) phase coexistence for certain values of temperature and doping. An important feature, not reproduced in our model, is the antiferromagnetism in the electron-doped systems, e.g., La1-xCaxMnO3 over the entire range of 0.5 less than or equal to x less than or equal to 1, and we suggest that a multi-band model which includes the unoccupied t(2g) orbitals might be an important ingredient for describing this feature.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Institute of Physics.
Department/Centre: Others
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2011 04:56
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2011 06:08
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/38650

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