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Synthesis and vesicle formation from dimeric pseudoglyceryl lipids with (CH2)(m) spacers: pronounced m-value dependence of thermal properties, vesicle fusion, and cholesterol complexation

Bhattacharya, Santanu and De, Soma (1999) Synthesis and vesicle formation from dimeric pseudoglyceryl lipids with (CH2)(m) spacers: pronounced m-value dependence of thermal properties, vesicle fusion, and cholesterol complexation. In: Chemistry - A European Journal, 5 (8). pp. 2335-2347.

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Abstract

Eight new dimeric lipids, in which the two Me2N+ ion headgroups are separated by a variable number of polymethylene units [-(CH2)(m)-], have been synthesized. The electron micrograph (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) of their aqueous dispersions confirmed the formation of vesicular-type aggregates. The vesicle sizes and morphologies were found to depend strongly on the m value, the method, and thermal history of the vesicle preparation. Information on the thermotropic properties of the resulting vesicles was obtained from microcalorimetry and temperature-dependent fluorescence anisotropy measurements. Interestingly, the T-m values for these vesicles revealed a nonlinear dependence on spacer chain length (m value). These vesicles were able to entrap riboflavin. The rates of permeation of the OH- ion under an imposed transmembrane pH gradient were also found to depend significantly on the m value. X-Ray diffraction of the cast films of the lipid dispersions elucidated the nature and the thickness of these membrane organizations, and it was revealed that these lipids organize in three different ways depending on the m value. The EPR spin-probe method with the doxylstearic acids 5NS, 12NS, and 16NS, spin-labeled at various positions of stearic acid, was used to establish, the chain-flexibility gradient and homogeneity of these bilayer assemblies. The apparent fusogenic propensities of these bipolar tetraether lipids were investigated in the presence of Na2SO4 with fluorescence-resonance energy-transfer fusion assay. Small unilamellar vesicles formed from 1 and three representative biscationic lipids were also studied with fluorescence anisotropy and H-1 NMR spectroscopic techniques in the absence and the presence of varying amounts of cholesterol.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Keywords: Cholesterol interactions;Lipids;Membranes;Thermotropic properties
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2011 09:14
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2011 09:14
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/38825

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