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A C-H center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bond stabilized polypeptide chain reversal motif at the C terminus of helices in proteins

Babu, Madan M and Singh, Kumar S and Balaram, P (2002) A C-H center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bond stabilized polypeptide chain reversal motif at the C terminus of helices in proteins. In: Journal of Molecular Biology, 322 (4). 871-880 .

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-2836(02)00715-5

Abstract

The serendipitous observation of a C-H...O hydrogen bond mediated polypeptide chain reversal in synthetic peptide helices has led to a search for the occurrence of a similar motif in protein structures. From a dataset of 634 proteins, 1304 helices terminating in a Schellman motif have been examined. The C-H...O interaction between the T - 4 (CH)-H-alpha and T + 1 C=O group (C...O 3.5 Angstrom) becomes possible only when the T + 1 residue adopts an extended beta conformation (T is defined as the helix terminating residue adopting an alpha(L) conformation). In all, 111 examples of this chain reversal motif have been identified and the compositional and conformational. preferences at positions T - 4, T, and T + 1 determined. A marked preference for residues like Set, Glu and Gln is observed at T - 4 position with the motif being further stabilized by the formation of a side-chain-backbone O...H-N hydrogen bond involving the side-chain of residue T - 4 and the N-H group of residue T + 3. In as many as 57 examples, the segment following the helix was extended with three to four successive residues in beta conformation. In a majority of these cases, the succeeding beta strand lies approximately antiparallel with the helix, suggesting that the backbone C-H...O interactions may provide a means of registering helices and strands in an antiparallel orientation. Two examples were identified in which extended registry was detected with two sets of C-H...O hydrogen bonds between (T - 4) (CH)-H-alpha...C=O (T + 1) and (T - 8) (CH)-H-alpha...C=O (T + 3). 0 2002 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to
Keywords: C-H center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bonds;helix termination;Schellman motif;polypeptide chain reversal
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2011 08:35
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2011 08:35
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/38928

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