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Damped Belief Propagation Based Near-Optimal Equalization of Severely Delay-Spread UWB MIMO-ISI Channels

Som, P and Chockalingam, A (2010) Damped Belief Propagation Based Near-Optimal Equalization of Severely Delay-Spread UWB MIMO-ISI Channels. In: Communications (ICC), 2010 IEEE International Conference on , 23-27 May 2010, Cape Town.

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Abstract

In this paper, we present a belief propagation (BP) based equalizer for ultrawideband (UWB) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) inter-symbol interference (ISI) channels characterized by severe delay spreads. We employ a Markov random field (MRF) graphical model of the system on which we carry out message passing. The proposed BP equalizer is shown to perform increasingly closer to optimal performance for increasing number of multipath components (MPC) at a much lesser complexity than that of the optimum equalizer. The proposed equalizer performs close to within 0.25 dB of SISO AWGN performance at 10-3 bit error rate on a severely delay-spread MIMO-ISI channel with 20 equal-energy MPCs. We point out that, although MIMO/UWB systems are characterized by fully/densely connected graphical models, the following two proposed features are instrumental in achieving near-optimal performance for large number of MPCs at low complexities: i) use of pairwise compatibility functions in densely connected MRFs, and ii) use of damping of messages.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: Copyright 2010 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted.However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2011 06:38
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2011 06:38
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/38994

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