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Autoignition in a non-premixed medium: DNS studies on the effects of three-dimensional turbulence

Sreedhara, S and Lakshmisha, KN (2002) Autoignition in a non-premixed medium: DNS studies on the effects of three-dimensional turbulence. In: Symposium (International) on Combustion : Proceedings, 29 (part 2). pp. 2051-2059.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1540-7489(02)80250-4

Abstract

Direct numerical simulation (DNS) results of autoignition in anon-premixed medium under an isotropic, homogeneous, and decaying turbulence are presented. The initial mixture consists of segregated fuel parcels randomly distributed within warm air, and the entire medium is subjected to a three-dimensional turbulence. Chemical kinetics is modeled by a four-step reduced reaction mechanism for autoignition of n-heptane/air mixture. Thus, this work overcomes the principal limitations of a previous contribution of the authors on two-dimensional DNS of autoignition with a one-step reaction model. Specific attention is focused on the differences in the effects of two- and three-dimensional turbulence on autoignition characteristics. The three-dimensional results show that ignition spots are most likely to originate at locations jointly corresponding to the most reactive mixture fraction and low scalar dissipation rate. Further, these ignition spots are found to originate at locations corresponding to the core of local vortical structures, and after ignition, the burning gases move toward the vortex periphery Such a movement is explained as caused by the cyclostrophic imbalance developed when the local gas density is variable. These results lead to the conclusion that the local ignition-zone structure does not conform to the classical stretched flamelet description. Parametric studies show that the ignition delay time decreases with an increase in turbulence intensity. Hence, these three-dimensional simulation results resolve the discrepancy between trends in experimental data and predictions from DNSs of two-dimensional turbulence. This qualitative difference between DNS results from three- and two-dimensional simulations is discussed and attributed to the effect of vortex stretching that is present in the former, but not in the latter.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Combustion Inst.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2011 05:01
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2011 05:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/39009

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