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Inhibition of hepatitis C virus replication by herbal extract: Phyllanthus amarus as potent natural source

Ravikumar, YS and Ray, Upasana and Nandhitha, M and Perween, Ashiya and Naika, Raja H and Khanna, Navin and Das, Saumitra (2011) Inhibition of hepatitis C virus replication by herbal extract: Phyllanthus amarus as potent natural source. In: Virus Research, 158 (1-2). pp. 89-97.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2011.03.014

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus infection is a major health problem worldwide. Developing effective antiviral therapy for HCV is the need of the hour. The viral enzymes NS3 protease and NS5B RNA dependent RNA polymerase are essential enzymes for polyprotein processing and viral RNA replication and thus can be potential targets for screening anti-HCV compounds. A large number of phytochemicals are present in plants, which are found to be promising antiviral agents. In this study, we have screened inhibitory effect of different plant extracts against the NS3 and NS5B enzymes of hepatitis C virus. Methanolic extracts were prepared from various plant materials and their inhibitory effects on the viral enzymes were determined by in vitro enzyme assays. Effect on viral RNA replication was investigated by using TaqMan Real time RT-PCR. Interestingly, Phyllanthus amarus root (PAR) extract showed significant inhibition of HCV-NS3 protease enzyme; whereas P. amarus leaf (PAL) extract showed considerable inhibition of NS5B in the in vitro assays. Further, the PAR and PAL extracts significantly inhibited replication of HCV monocistronic replicon RNA and HCV H77S viral RNA in HCV cell culture system. However, both PAR and PAL extracts did not show cytotoxicity in Huh7 cells in the MTT assay. Furthermore, addition of PAR together with IFN-alpha showed additive effect in the inhibition of HCV RNA replication. Results suggest the possible molecular basis of the inhibitory activity of PA extract against HCV which would help in optimization and subsequent development of specific antiviral agent using P. amarus as potent natural source. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science B.V.
Keywords: Hepatitis C;NS3 protease;NS5B polymerase;Replication inhibition;Antiviral-herbals
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2011 08:19
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2011 08:19
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/39078

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