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Multivariate nonlinear ensemble prediction of daily chaotic rainfall with climate inputs

Dhanya, CT and Kumar, Nagesh D (2011) Multivariate nonlinear ensemble prediction of daily chaotic rainfall with climate inputs. In: Journal of Hydrology, 403 (3-4). pp. 292-306.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.04.009

Abstract

The basic characteristic of a chaotic system is its sensitivity to the infinitesimal changes in its initial conditions. A limit to predictability in chaotic system arises mainly due to this sensitivity and also due to the ineffectiveness of the model to reveal the underlying dynamics of the system. In the present study, an attempt is made to quantify these uncertainties involved and thereby improve the predictability by adopting a multivariate nonlinear ensemble prediction. Daily rainfall data of Malaprabha basin, India for the period 1955-2000 is used for the study. It is found to exhibit a low dimensional chaotic nature with the dimension varying from 5 to 7. A multivariate phase space is generated, considering a climate data set of 16 variables. The chaotic nature of each of these variables is confirmed using false nearest neighbor method. The redundancy, if any, of this atmospheric data set is further removed by employing principal component analysis (PCA) method and thereby reducing it to eight principal components (PCs). This multivariate series (rainfall along with eight PCs) is found to exhibit a low dimensional chaotic nature with dimension 10. Nonlinear prediction employing local approximation method is done using univariate series (rainfall alone) and multivariate series for different combinations of embedding dimensions and delay times. The uncertainty in initial conditions is thus addressed by reconstructing the phase space using different combinations of parameters. The ensembles generated from multivariate predictions are found to be better than those from univariate predictions. The uncertainty in predictions is decreased or in other words predictability is increased by adopting multivariate nonlinear ensemble prediction. The restriction on predictability of a chaotic series can thus be altered by quantifying the uncertainty in the initial conditions and also by including other possible variables, which may influence the system. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science B.V
Keywords: Chaotic nature;Non linearity;Ensemble prediction; Uncertainty;Predictability;Multivariate phase space
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2011 08:57
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2011 08:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/39094

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