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Diminished chaos of heart rate time series in patients with major depression

Yeragani, Vikram Kumar and Rao, Radha Krishna KA and Smitha, Ramesh M and Pohl, Robert B and Balon, Richard and Srinivasan, K (2002) Diminished chaos of heart rate time series in patients with major depression. In: Biological Psychiatry, 51 (9). pp. 733-744.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3223(01)01347-6

Abstract

Background: Depression and anxiety have been linked to serious cardiovascular events in patients with preexisting cardiac illness. A decrease in cardiac vagal function as suggested by a decrease in heart rate (HR) variability has been linked to sudden death. Methods: We compared LLE and nonlinearity scores of the unfiltered (UF) and filtered time series (very low, low, and high frequency; VLF, LF and HF) of HR between patients with depression (n = 14) and healthy control subjects (n = 18). Results: We found significantly lower LLE of the unfiltered series in either posture, and HF series in patients with major depression in supine posture (p < .002). LLE (LF/UF), which may indicate relative sympathetic activity was also significantly higher in supine and standing postures in patients (p < .05); LF/HF (LLE) was also higher in patients (p < .05) in either posture. Conclusions: These findings suggest that major depression is associated with decreased cardiac vagal function and a relative increase in sympathetic function, which may be related to the higher risk of cardiovascular mortality, in this group and illustrates the usefulness of nonlinear measures of chaos such as LLE in addition to the commonly used spectral measures.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Major depression;chaos;nonlinear;heart rate variability; largest Lyapunov exponent;cardiac mortality
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2011 07:13
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2011 07:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/39144

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