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DNA binding properties of novel dansylated distamycin analogues in which the fluorophore is directly conjugated to the N-methyl-pyrrole carboxamide backbone

Bhattacharya, S and Thomas, M (2002) DNA binding properties of novel dansylated distamycin analogues in which the fluorophore is directly conjugated to the N-methyl-pyrrole carboxamide backbone. In: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics, 19 (5). pp. 935-945.

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Abstract

Polyamides that are structural analogues of the naturally occurring DNA minor groove binding antibiotic distamycin (Dst) are promising candidates as gene modulators. Developing strategies for the large scale screening and monitoring of the cellular distribution of such ligands would aid the faster discovery of molecules, which would have eventual utility in molecular biology and medicine. Attachment of fluorescent tags would be a useful step towards this end. A fundamental question in this connection is whether the tag modifies the DNA binding affinity of the parent compounds. Towards answering this question, we have developed two oligopeptides that bear the dansyl (N, N-dimethylaminonaphthalene sulfonamido fluorophore) coupled directly to the N-terminus of the conjugated N-methylpyrrole carboxamide network, and possess three or four N-methyl pyrrole carboxamide units (abbreviated as Dn3 and Dn4 respectively). DNA binding abilities of these molecules were assessed from fluorescence titration experiments, duplex-DNA T-m analysis (employing both UV and fluorescence spectroscopy), induced circular dichroism measurements (ICD), salt dependence of ICD and apparent binding constant measurements (K-app) employing ethidium bromide (EtBr) displacement assay. Both these molecules 'reported' DNA binding in the form of an enhanced fluorescence emission. As judged from the ICD measurements, salt dependence of ICD, T-m analysis and K-app measurements, the binding affinities of the molecules that possessed dansyl group at their N-termini were lower than the ones with equivalent number of amide units, but possessed N-methylpyrrole carboxamide unit at their N-termini. These results would have implications in the future design of fluorescent polyamides.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Adenine Press.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2011 09:05
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2011 09:05
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/39149

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