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Enhanced lithium-ion transport in PEG-based composite polymer electrolyte with Mn0.03Zn0.97Al2O4 nanoparticles

Singh, TJ and Mimani, T and Patil, KC and Bhat, SV (2002) Enhanced lithium-ion transport in PEG-based composite polymer electrolyte with Mn0.03Zn0.97Al2O4 nanoparticles. In: Solid State Ionics, 154 (part B). 21-27 .

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-2738(02)00698-7

Abstract

The ion conduction and thermal properties of composite solid polymer electrolyte (SPE) comprising Poly(ethylene) Glycol (PEG, mol wt. 2000), lithium perchlorate (LiClO4) and insulating Mn0.03Zn0.97Al2O4 nanoparticle fillers were studied by complex impedance analysis and DSC techniques. The average size of the nanoparticles was determined by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) using Scherrer's equation and was found to be similar to 8 nm. The same was also determined by TEM imaging and found to be similar to 12 nm. The glass transition temperature T, as measured by differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), showed a minimum at 5 mol% of narroparticles. Fractional crystallinity was determined using DSC. NMR was used to deter-mine crystallinity of a pure PEG sample, which was then used as the standard. Fractional crystallinity X. was the lowest for 5 mol% and beyond. The ionic conductivity of the composite polymer electrolyte containing 5 mol% Mn0.03Zn0.97Al2O4 nanoparticles was found to be 1.82 x 10(-5) S/cm, while for the pristine one, it was 7.27 x 10(-7) S/cm at room temperature. As a function of nanoparticle content, conductivity was observed to go through two maxima, one at around 5 mol% and another shallower one at around 12 mol%. The temperature dependence of conductivity could be divided into two regions, one consistent with Arrhenius behaviour and the other with VTF. We conclude that the enhancement of ionic conductivity on the addition of Mn0.03Zn0.97Al2O4 nanoparticles is a result of reduction in both the T, and the crystallinity. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Composite solid polymer electrolyte;Glass transition temperature;Degree of crystallinity;Ionic conductivity
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2011 05:03
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2011 05:03
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/39176

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