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Evolution of ferroelectric SrBi2Nb2O9 phase in the Li2B4O7-SrO-Bi2O3-Nb2O5 glass system

Prasad, NS and Subbanna, GN and Varma, KBR (2002) Evolution of ferroelectric SrBi2Nb2O9 phase in the Li2B4O7-SrO-Bi2O3-Nb2O5 glass system. In: Ferroelectrics, 281 . 135-150 .

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/7137165...

Abstract

Glasses of various compositions in the system (100 - x)Li-2 B-4 O-7 - x (SrO-Bi2O3-Nb2O5) (10 less than or equal to x less than or equal to 60) (in molar ratio) were prepared via a conventional melt-quenching technique. The glassy nature of the as-quenched samples was established by Differential Thermal Analyses (DTA). X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and Transmission Electron Microscopic (TEM) studies confirmed the amorphous nature of the as quenched and crystallinity in the heat-treated samples. The formation of nanocrystalline layered perovskite SrBi2Nb2O9 (SBN) phase, in the samples heat-treated at temperatures higher than 550degreesC, through an intermediate fluorite phase in the LBO glass matrix was confirmed by both the XRD and High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM). The samples that were heat-treated at two different temperatures, 550 and 625degreesC, (containing 0.35 and 0.47 mum sized SBN crystallites) exhibited broad dielectric anomalies in the vicinity of ferroelectric to paraelectric transition temperature of the parent SBN ceramics. A downward shift in the phase transition temperature was observed with decreasing crystallite size of SBN. The observation of pyroelectric and ferroelectric properties for the present samples confirmed their polar nature.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis Group.
Keywords: Glass Nanocomposites;Electron Microscopy;Dielectric Response;Phase Transition;Ferroelectricity
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2011 04:45
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2011 04:45
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/39180

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