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Incremental-angle and angular velocity estimation using a star sensor

Rao, Nagendra G and Alex, TK and Bhat, Seetharama M (2002) Incremental-angle and angular velocity estimation using a star sensor. In: Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 25 (3). pp. 433-441.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/2.4928

Abstract

A method is described for estimating the incremental angle and angular velocity of a spacecraft using integrated rate parameters with the help of a star sensor alone. The chief advantage of this method is that the measured stars need not be identified, whereas the identification of the stars is necessary in earlier methods. This proposed estimation can be carried out with all of the available measurements by a simple linear Kalman filter, albeit with a time-varying sensitivity matrix. The residuals of estimated angular velocity by the proposed spacecraft incremental-angle and angular velocity estimation method are as accurate as the earlier methods. This method also enables the spacecraft attitude to be reconstructed for mapping the stars into an imaginary unit sphere in the body reference frame, which will preserve the true angular separation of the stars. This will pave the way for identification of the stars using any angular separation or triangle matching techniques applied to even a narrow field of view sensor that is made to sweep the sky. A numerical simulation for inertial as well as Earth pointing spacecraft is carried out to establish the results.

Item Type: Journal Article
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Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering (Formerly, Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2011 06:27
Last Modified: 20 May 2014 05:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/39242

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